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Explore Metabase data using MySQL

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Introduction

Metabase gives you a way to ask questions about data in your browser. Metabase not only lets you run SQL queries, but it also lets you analyse data without SQL, make dashboards, and track metrics. This guide explains how to connect MySQL to Metabase and then use a reverse proxy to deploy on NGINX.

From SQLite to PostgreSQL, there are a number of other databases that can be used. An easy-to-use interface makes it very easy to see the results. This makes Metabase a flexible way to share data, even with people who don't know much about analysis.

Install Metabase

Java Runtime Environment

Install software-properties-common to add new repositories quickly:

#sudo apt-get install software-properties-common

Add the Java PPA:

#sudo add-apt-repository ppa:microhost/java

Update the list of sources:

#sudo apt-get update

Install the Java JDK 8:

#sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

MySQL Server

Install MySQL Server. Enter the root password if prompted:

#sudo apt install mysql-server

Connect as the root user:

#mysql -u root -p

Make a new user and database in Metabase.

#CREATE DATABASE employees;
#CREATE USER 'metabase_user' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
#GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON employees.* TO 'metabase_user';
#GRANT RELOAD ON *.* TO 'metabase_user';
#FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
#exit;

Get the Metabase

Metabase lets you get the jar file:

#wget http://downloads.metabase.com/v0.28.1/metabase.jar

Transfer the file into the /var directory so that it will be ready to run after a restart:

#sudo mv metabase.jar /var/metabase.jar
Using NGINX's Reverse Proxy

Install NGINX

#sudo apt install nginx

Create a new NGINX configuration file with the following values, substituting your FDQN or public IP address for server name:

File: /etc/nginx/conf.d/metabase.conf

 server_name _;
location / {
proxy_pass http://microhost:3330/;
proxy_redirect http://microhost:3330/ $scheme://$host/;
proxy_http_version 1.1;
proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Connection "Upgrade";
}

Make sure there are no problems with the setup:

#sudo nginx -t

Restart NGINX:

#sudo systemctl restart nginx

Start Metabase on reboot

Check where your JDK binary is located:

#which java

This should output a path like /usr/bin/java when done correctly.

Make sure that Metabase is started up properly by creating a systemd configuration file. ExecStart= should be set to the JDK path from the previous section. Make careful to substitute User with your own Unix username when you run this:

File: /etc/systemd/system/metabase.service
Unit
Description=Metabase server
After=syslog.target
After=network.target[Service]
User=username
Type=simple
Service
ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -jar /var/metabase.jar
Restart=always
StandardOutput=syslog
StandardError=syslog
SyslogIdentifier=metabase
Install
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Make the necessary adjustments:

#sudo systemctl start metabase

Verify if Metabase is operational:

#sudo systemctl status metabase

If you are using firewall

The use of UFW is highly recommended for securing your database against unwanted access. It is a prudent practise to leave ports 80/443 and SSH open by default:

#sudo ufw allow http
#sudo ufw allow https
#sudo ufw allow ssh
#sudo ufw enable

Check the firewall rules:

#sudo ufw status

**To access the metabase hit your IP on the browser**

Thank you

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